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Discuss the merits, tactics, and achievements of notable military generals in history. I'll start. William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891) Major General William Tecumseh Sherman was Grant's most trusted Lieutenant during the American Civil War. He is best known for his March to the Sea (also known as the Savanna Campaign), from Atlanta, Georgia to Savannah, Georgia which effectively broke the backs of the Confederacy. He is widely recognized as the single most instrumental man to ending the war. Sherman is a polarizing figure. Depending on where in the US you live he is either hailed as a hero and brilliant strategist or villainized for his brutal tactics (Scorched Earth). Those in favor tend to state that his harsh strategy brought the war to a close far quicker than had he not employed scorched earth tactics (almost certainly true) and that thousands more would have died had the war dragged on (almost certainly true). Those opposed state that his inhumane methods hurt civilians (true) and caused massive amounts of damage that took decades to recover from (definitely true).
It is a truism of military science that success in battle depends on calculable strengths such as mass and firepower. My observations is that for this reason strategy plans around this truism, anticipating success. However, this is not always the case. My question is: would the forum agree that wars are won when battles defy the outcome dictated by calculable strength?